Prediction of Rate of Penetration of Deep and Tight Formation Using Support Vector Machine

Presented at SPE Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, April 2018.


Rate of penetration (ROP) is the main function that affects drilling operation economically and efficiently. Many theoretical models reported in the literature were produced to predict ROP based on different parameters. Most of these models used only drilling parameters to estimate ROP. Few models have considered the effects of drilling fluid on ROP using a simulated data or a few real field data. Some of the researchers used artificial intelligence to predict ROP by only one method. The objective of this research is to predict ROP based on both drilling parameters and mud properties such as weight on bit (WOB), rotary speed (RPM), pump flow rate (Q), standpipe pressure (SPP), drilling torque (τ), mud density (MW), plastic viscosity (PV), funnel viscosity (FV), yield point (YP) and solid (%). More than 400 real field data in shale formation are used to predict ROP using support vector machine (SVM) which is a method of artificial intelligence (AI) and compare it with different mathematical models. The result showed that support vector machine (SVM) technique outperformed all the theoretical equations of ROP by a high margin as shown by a very high correlation coefficient (CC) of 0.997 and a very low average absolute percentage error (AAPE) of 2.83%.