Lessons Learned to Avoid Formation Damage Development During Waste Slurry Injection Operations
Yashesh Panchal; Omar Sameh; Nihal Mounir; Mahmoud Shams; Ibrahim Mohamed; Omar Abou-Sayed; Ahmed Abou-Sayed
Presented at the SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control, Lafayette, Louisiana, USA, February 2020.
The injection of oil and gas wastes produced during the exploration and production phases have been proven to be an effective technique toward achieving zero discharge. However, several challenges are associated with the injection of slurry into an underground formation. The most common challenge during waste slurry injection (WSI) is the continuous loss of well injectivity due to poor engineering design of the injection parameters for most of the current existing WSI wells. For the WSI operation, near wellbore formation damage (including the fracture damage) will be formed by the injected solids. The real time injection monitoring of the ongoing operations is important to correct any operational mistake and adjust the injection parameters in order to ensure the well longevity. The paper discusses the importance of injection monitoring and steps necessary to maintain the injectivity and perform a healthy WSI operation. Three different case studies are presented to highlight the operational mistakes that caused a significant formation damage development in injectors in Eagle Ford, Haynesville, and Permian Basin shale plays. Certain guidelines depending on the monitoring results are provided in modifying the slurry rheology, pressure, injection strategy etc. that are helpful in maintaining the injectivity. The presented case studies show that the wells with good monitoring program maintained its injectivity during the course of its operation compared to the other wells that lost its injectivity sooner. The results from different case studies are used to prepare a set of guidelines that can be used to maintain the well injectivity and extend the well life. This paper discusses the techniques that will help in eliminating and avoiding the problems leading to formation damage and well plugging during the WSI operation.